To search our article database, enter a title or search term in the space below and press the "search" button
South Korea and the United States kicked off their annual, massive military exercises on Wednesday as North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un ordered his troops to prepare for a “merciless strike” against the enemy forces.
Israel Aerospace Industries, Ltd. (IAI) and Kalyani Strategic Systems Ltd. (KSSL), the defense arm of Kalyani Group, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to incorporate a Joint Venture Company (JVC) in India.
Defence and security company Saab has signed a contract with the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration (FMV) for the development and production of Torpedo Integration Systems (TIS) for the Swedish Navy´s A26 submarines.
Israeli Ministry of Defense Director General, Gen. (res) Udi Adam, instructed the Directorate of Production and Procurement (DOPP) to purchase hundreds of additional Trophy active protection systems (APS), manufactured by Rafael.
Sanca is advantageous to support military operations, designed to perform a diverse range of mission profiles, combining high levels of blast and ballistic protection with excellent off-road mobility.
U.S. Army Program Executive Office for Ground Combat Systems and Project Manager for the Stryker Brigade Combat Team, in conjunction with General Dynamics Land Systems, presented the first of the up-gunned "Dragoon" vehicles to the U.S. Army.
Since October 6, 2016, l’Adroit, Offshore Patrol Vessel developed in equity by DCNS, European leader in naval defense, and made available to the French Navy, has on board a long-range infrared surveillance system, Spynel S-6000, designed by HGH Infrared Systems.
In a move which reinforces Australia’s status as a provider of world leading radar technology, the United States Government has selected Lockheed Martin Australia to provide high frequency Over the Horizon Radar
An Air Force KC-30A Multi-Role Tanker Transport has achieved another milestone in air refuelling after it made its first contact with a Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) F-16D+ Falcon aircraft on Monday 5 October 2016.
With the televised demonstration of China’s latest system of intercepting incoming ballistic missiles during the intermediate stage of their flight, it looks like the People’s Republic is poised to become the second country after the US to deploy a missile shield.
BAE Systems has received a $245 million contract from the UK Ministry of Defence (MOD) to provide the gun system, known as the Maritime Indirect Fires System (MIFS), for the Type 26 Global Combat Ship.
Defence and security company Saab, the Swedish Air Force and Sweden’s Defence Materiel Administration have successfully implemented a revolutionary enhancement to the operational capabilities of the Gripen fighter.
Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) has been awarded a five-year contract extension worth approximately $504.3 million by the Government of Canada to provide In Service Support (ISS) for the Royal Canadian Air Force's (RCAF) fleet of 17 C-130J Super Hercules aircraft,
Lockheed Martin chief Marillyn Hewson met Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on Wednesday. Ms. Hewson is the chairman, president and chief executive officer (CEO) of the military aerospace giant that makes the F-16 fighter jets.
Indigenously-built heavyweight anti-submarine torpedo Varunastra has been successfully inducted in the navy, making India one of the eight countries to have the capability to design and build such a system.
Fresh from its selection for the French Army’s tactical UAV system requirement, Sagem is promoting its Patroller UAV to Asia-Pacific countries especially Malaysia. The Patroller UAV is one of the many Sagem products being highlighted at the on-going DSA 2016 from the 18th-21st at the PWTC here.
Elbit Systems Ltd. (NASDAQ and TASE: ESLT) ("Elbit Systems"), announced today that its subsidiary, CYBERBIT Ltd. “CYBERBIT”), was awarded contracts to supply intelligence and cyber analysis and research systems
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and BAE Systems have signed a $2.5 million partnership to jointly develop next-generation cybersecurity solutions in an era of rising cyber attacks.
ELTA Systems Ltd., a Subsidiary and Group of Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), was awarded a large contract for an advanced airborne SAR/GMTI (Synthetic Aperture Radar/ Ground Moving Target Indication) Imagery Intelligence (IMINT) system
Haifa, Israel, December 16, 2015 – Elbit Systems Ltd. (NASDAQ and TASE:ESLT) ("Elbit Systems") announced today that it was awarded a contract to supply commercial multi-spectral infrared countermeasures (C-MUSIC™) systems to be implemented
State-owned aerospace and defence company Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has launched a project to design and develop an indigenous turboshaft jet engine for use in helicopters in the 3.5 ton and 5-8 ton classes.
Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) selected SeaRobotics Corporation as the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) for its Marlin® Mk3 Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) designed for survey and inspection applications in depths up to 4,000 meters.
French shipyard DCNS has submitted its final proposal for Australia's SEA1000 future submarine competitive evaluation process (CEP), marking the beginning of the Commonwealth of Australia's evaluation phase.
In Syria, coalition military forces conducted three airstrikes using bomber and fighter aircraft. Separately in Iraq, coalition military forces conducted 17 airstrikes coordinated with the government of Iraq using attack, bomber, fighter and fighter-attack aircraft against ISIL targets.
Eurofighter announced on August 6 that ambassadors and representatives of the aircraft’s founding countries (Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK) met with the Indonesian Defence Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu
Elbit Systems Ltd. (NASDAQ and TASE: ESLT) ("Elbit Systems") announced today that it was awarded an approximately $27 million contract for the supply of command and control systems and ATMOS long-range artillery systems to an Asia-Pacific country.
According to the official journal of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN or Chinese Navy) the Type 052D (NATO reporting name Luyang III class) destroyer Yangsha (hull number 173), was just commissioned on August 12
Russian naval doctrine saw the 45,000t Admiral Gorshkov as a missile cruiser with a complement of aircraft. India wanted a full-fledged aircraft carrier. Getting there required extensive modifications.
Coalition military forces continued to attack ISIL terrorists in Syria and Iraq. In Syria, coalition military forces conducted 16 airstrikes using bomber, fighter-attack and remotely piloted aircraft.
China, under President Xi Jinping’s leadership, has re-engineered many of its long-range ballistic missiles to carry multiple warheads after years of maintaining a minimal nuclear force, according to a media report.
China will turn over the last batch of 50 FC-1 Xiaolong fighters to Pakistan over the next three years, said Li Pei, the former head of the aircraft project under the Aviation Industry Corporation of China, in a report by the party-run People’s Daily.
Russian Helicopters (part of State Corporation Rostec) has delivered the first two repaired Ka-31 helicopters, produced by Kumertau Aviation Production Enterprise (a Russian Helicopters company), to India.
The Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) will deploy a medical team of about 15 medical personnel, as well as personnel from the Changi Regional Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) Coordination Centre
Boustead DCNS Naval Corp Sdn Bhd, a 60 per cent-owned unit of Boustead Heavy Industries Corp Bhd (BHIC), has received an additional contract with a ceiling value of RM531.2 million from the Malaysian government.
South Korea on Monday selected Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) and partner Lockheed Martin for a multi-billion-dollar contract to develop 120 "indigenous" fighter jets to replace Seoul's aging fleet.
In a ceremony at Istres airbase in southern France on March 25, the Indian Ambassador to France accepted the first two Indian Air Force (IAF) Mirage 2000 fighters to be upgraded by Dassault and Thales.
Saab International (M) Sdn Bhd, a unit under the Swedish-based defence and security company, Saab, anticipates positive response at the Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace Exhibition 2015 (LIMA'15).
The programme was developed in cooperation with the WMG (Warwick Manufacturing Group) at the University of Warwick in Coventry, England, and the National Defence University of Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur
Russian Helicopters (part of State Corporation Rostec) is taking part in the international air show Aero India 2015, which runs from 18 to 22 February in Bangalore, India. At the exhibition, Russian Helicopters showcases the latest Russian-made commercial and military helicopters.
The U.S. Navy has awarded BAE Systems a five-year contract to provide critical system engineering, integration, and testing expertise for the Aegis Combat System on board surface ships. BAE Systems announced on January 20 that the initial award is valued at $23 million with the total value of the five-year contract estimated at $120 million.
British defence company BAE Systems said it had won a five-year contract worth an estimated $120 million (£79.2 million) to provide engineering and testing support for the U.S. Navy's Aegis weapon system onboard its ships.
Under the ‘Buy and Make (global)’ category of the Defence Procurement Procedure 2013, the Indian Navy is moving ahead with a proposal to acquire 12 US-2i aircraft from Japanese company ShinMaywa in 2015 for $1.65 bn.
Thailand may look to procure two or three submarines as part of an increased 2016 defense budget, finally giving the country a capability it has lacked for more than sixty years, The Bangkok Post reported Friday.
Finmeccanica-Alenia Aermacchi and ARMAEREO (Italian National Armaments Directorate) signed today in Rome a contract worth 120 million Euros to provide the Italian Air Force with further three advanced trainer aircraft M-346 (identified as T-346A by the Italian Air Force), with ground base training system and relevant logistic support included.
Northrop Grumman Corporation (Palmdale, CA, US) has completed — on budget and on schedule — the center fuselage for the first F-35 Lightning II aircraft to be ordered by Norway, a conventional takeoff and landing (CTOL) variant designated AM-1.
South Korea is threatening to break an agreement with BAE Systems to upgrade its fleet of KF-16s, opening a window of opportunity for competitor Lockheed Martin to reclaim its dominance in the lucrative F-16 upgrade market.
Minister of State for Defence Dr Maliki Osman has highlighted the importance of strategic dialogue and practical cooperation amongst militaries, to address challenges posed by transnational security threats, such as terrorism and maritime security threats.
Lockheed Martin expects to begin delivery of its Terminal High-Altitude Area Defence system (Thaad) to the UAE by the end of next year, making the Emirates the first country to deploy this technology outside the United States.
Russian President Vladimir Putin will arrive in New Delhi, this month, for his summit with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi to further strengthen the “special, privileged strategic partnership” between the two countries.
French Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian on Monday night raised the issue of the multi-billion dollar deal for 126 Rafale combat aircraft during talks with his Indian counterpart Manohar Parrikar who said it would be "resolved in a fast-tracked manner".
Beijing's controversial air defence identification zone (ADIZ) over the East China Sea has ensured safety and security, the Defence Ministry said yesterday, dismissing criticism that it had exacerbated regional tension.
French Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian will arrive in India on a three-day visit later this month to hold talks with his counterpart Manohar Parrikar during which the issue of the multi-billion dollar deal for Rafale combat aircraft is likely to come up.
Ahead of President Vladimir Putin's visit here early next month, India has told Russia to come back with a plan to substantially reduce the delivery timeframe for the stealth fifth-generation fighter aircraft (FGFA) if it wants to seal the futuristic project by next year.
Defence Ministers from the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy and Spain met in Edinburgh, Scotland, on Wednesday 19th November to witness the signing of a €1bn contract for the development of a world-leading electronic radar system for the Eurofighter Typhoon.
DSM Dyneema, the manufacturer of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMwPE) fiber, branded as Dyneema®, and world leader in life protection materials and high performance fibers, will be highlighting Dyneema® Force Multiplier Technology.
South Korea's defence minister on Wednesday supported Seoul's plan to buy Lockheed Martin's F-35s through the U.S. foreign military sales program (FMS), vowing to get a good deal from the reduced number of stealth jets to be purchased.
Lockheed Martin’s Missiles and Fire Control division (MFC) is a major supplier of defence equipment to the Middle East and that business is about to arise to a new level thanks to an anticipated sale of its Terminal High-Altitude Air Defence (THAAD) to Qatar
As potential customers from Botswana and Peru milled around their tanks and howitzers last week, South Korean defence industry executives brimmed with confidence about a growing area for the country’s exports.
The Defence Technology Institute (DTI) – the Thai ministry of defence’s research and development agency – today announced that it will partner with Ricardo on the next phase of development of its Black Widow Spider
Boeing and Lockheed Martin announced Oct. 25 that they will team to compete on the U.S. Air Force’s Long-Range Strike Bomber (LRS-B) program, with Boeing as the prime contractor and Lockheed Martin as primary teammate.
Lockheed Martin and its industry partners are preparing for the next and final developmental test of the Medium Extended Air Defence System (Meads), which is designed to provide 360-deg. coverage from air and ballistic threats.
Defence and security company Saab has signed a contract with Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering Korea, for development and integration of combat management and radar systems on a new frigate for the Royal Thai Navy.
Major Asian Tri-Service exhibition is primed for action in November. ASEAN is now fully embarked on military modernization, making it one of the fastest-growing regions for military spending in the world.
The South Korean air force has managed to derail the selection of the Boeing F-15SE Silent Eagle for its F-X Phase 3 fighter requirement, instead pushing for the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning but again raising doubts about the openness of the country’s combat aircraft competitions.
Lockheed Martin [NYSE: LMT] received a production contract totaling $3.9 billion to produce elements of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) Weapons System for the Missile Defense Agency and the United Arab Emirates.
Defence and security company Saab has received two orders from Hindustan Aeronautic Limited (HAL), India, for serial production of an integrated electronic warfare self-protection system for installation on the Indian Army’s and Air force’s Advanced Light Helicopter.
The United States Navy announced on September 10 that as part of a broader advancement in cooperation between the United States and China the guided-missile cruiser USS Lake Erie (CG 70) and the People's Liberation Army-Navy [PLA(N)] participated in training scenarios off the coast of Oahu, Hawaii.
Boeing's F-15SE Silent Eagle has been selected as the only qualified bidder in South Korea's F-X Phase 3 competition for 60 fighters—but the country's air force is lobbying to overturn the decision in favor of the Lockheed Martin F-35 Joint Strike Fighter.
Giving a major boost to strategic airlift capabilities of the Air Force, Defence Minister A K Antony will formally induct the 75-80 tonne C-17 heavy-lift transport aircraft into service on September 2 at the Hindon Air Base near New Delhi.
The 6th International Maritime Defence Show (IMDS-2013) was held in July between the 3th and 7th in Russia’s naval capital St. Petersburg with strong support from the main federal structures and the local government.
The problem faced by Israeli defence industries is simple or complicated, depending on the angle of sight. On one hand the Israeli defence budget limits the purchase of locally made systems and on the other, the export market has become very difficult mainly because of budget constraints.
The violent thunderstorms and torrential rain that accompanied the opening of this year’s Paris International Air Show provided an appropriate backdrop to the stormy state of the military aerospace market. While civil markets are booming, with the major suppliers facing the enviable challenge of how to increase production to reduce the growing order backlogs extending over half a decade, the climate for new military orders is decidedly chilly.
On 29 April, the French government published its White Paper policy document on defence and national security outlining plans leading up to 2020. The intention is to try and retain as much front line capability as possible despite a need to reduce government spending.
Airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) aircraft are force multipliers of the highest degree. A number of Asia-Pacific air forces are introducing new AEW&C platforms while others such as Malaysia aspire to owning them.
Like behemoths rising from the deep, the amphibians burst forth from beneath the waves, water splashing in all directions. The ‘creatures’ smoothly completed the transition from ocean to land as water cascaded from their backs.
If we take all bombs dropped during the jet era, we may discover that most of them were dropped by aircraft made in the US and Western Europe. At the same time, if we image all the air defense missiles fired against those bombers, we may find that the lions share of them originated in the Soviet Union and now Russia.
The Pakistan Navy (PN) faces a future with narrowing options and prospects, just as the country finds itself being moved closer into the Chinese orbit by the developing strategic shape of central, north and south Asia.
On May 22 a Defense Acquisition Board approved full-rate production of Raytheon’s Standard Missile-6. Once operational in 2013, the SM-6 will provide U.S. Navy vessels extended range protection against fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles and cruise missiles.
ockheed Martin announced on May 22 that it has successfully conducted the first Engineering, Manufacturing and Development (EMD) flight of the new Guided Multiple Launch Rocket System (GMLRS) Alternative Warhead at White Sands Missile Range, N.M.
Boeing announced on May 24 that it has received the first on-orbit signals from the fifth Wideband Global SATCOM (WGS) satellite it is delivering to the U.S. Air Force to give warfighters greater access to fast, secure communications that help them complete their missions more safely and effectively.
In a reflection of global economic and technological changes since the Second World War, some nations have given up the ability to produce conventional submarines and new players are emerging. Countries that are no longer in the game are the United States and Britain – concentrating exclusively on nuclear boats – as well as Italy and the Netherlands
While presenting the Annual Budget to the Parliament on February 28th, India’s Finance Minister hiked the defence allocation by 5.3% to $37.4 billion to be spent during the financial year 2013-14 starting from April 1st.
The Royal Australian Navy is part of a joint force, and thus the RAN’s role has to be seen against a backdrop - which not only encompasses the Australian Defence Force but also the whole of the government’s approach to security, states RAN Chief VAdm Ray Griggs.
Perhaps the greatest danger to a warship is an anti-ship missile (AShM) streaking towards it at supersonic speed over the wave tops. A ship has mere seconds to react to an incoming missile fired by submarine, surface combatant, coastal battery or released from aircraft at long range, although it does have several tricks up its sleeve to defeat such attacks.
Since Defence Review Asia last looked at the sales battles underway to supply replacement fighters to the growing Asia Pacific market, the efforts of the US government to encourage exports of military aircraft have increased noticeably, and with increasing success.
At the 9th International Exhibition on Aerospace, Defence & Civil Aviation AERO INDIA 2013, to be held in Bangalore from February 6 to 10, a Rosoboronexport delegation is to present the latest export models of Russian aviation and air defense equipment
Defence offsets have long been practiced by Malaysia as part of its strategic development plans, but the results have been mixed. In an effort to improve the impact of offsets, the government has institutionalised its countertrade and offset policy
Whereas many militaries are moving towards lighter and more mobile armoured vehicles, Asia’s infatuation with tanks shows no sign of wavering. In fact, the reverse is true, with several nations adopting main battle tanks (MBTs) for the first time in recent years.
As the Indian Air Force (IAF) celebrates its 80th anniversary, the power and exuberance it exhibits has never seen before. From a mere auxiliary arm of the British Royal Force at its birth on October 08, 1932,
Indian military helicopter procurements are typically murky affairs, often fraught with protracted evaluations, changing user requirements, allegations of flagrant corruption, and whimsical cancellations.
Protestors in the Norwegian capital Oslo recently demonstrated against Europe being collectively awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on the basis that the continent is the world’s second largest defence spender, after the United States.
China said it has successfully landed a J-15 fighter jet on its first aircraft carrier, a move that would help project its growing military power amid simmering maritime disputes with some of its key neighbours.
A good measure of how any Government views its security circumstances is of course its level of spending on the military. Even quite poor countries can devote large percentages of their wealth to supporting their armed forces – North Korea being a classic example.
The recent European summer witnessed two keel-laying ceremonies for Russian submarines. The first one, held on 30 July 2012 in Severodvinsk, was for the Duke Vladimir (named after the Kievan Rus ruler, 978-1015)
An air force is only as good as its pilots and training them is a vital part of ensuring combat effectiveness. That is why trainer aircraft are an integral part of any air force, but they can also be used for light attack and surveillance duties
Asia’s ‘second front’ in the US-led Global War on Terror has not been grabbing news headlines in recent months, especially in light of continued high-profile operations in Afghanistan and Pakistani border areas.
The US is a leader in terms of military radio technology, and its Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) was slated to be the crème de la crème with its wide-ranging multipurpose communication capabilities.
When the war of words between Israel and the US on one side and Iran on the other reaches a climax that has the potential to erupt within minutes to real war, Israel is bolstering its capability to intercept ballistic missiles and rockets.
Few countries around the world have gone to the effort of building their own attack helicopters. However, countries in Asia are showing increased interest in these force multipliers - so much so that India and China are developing their own aircraft.
In a major review of the Defence Procurement Procedures (DPP), the Ministry of Defence (MoD) has recently announced its revised Defence Offset Guidelines (DOG), which have come into effect from August 01, 2012. The guidelines have included several new provisions besides modifying and clarifying some of the existing ones.
Boeing's first P-8I aircraft for the Indian Navy began its official flight test program on July 7, taking off from Boeing Field in Seattle at 9:15am and landing three hours and 49 minutes later after demonstrating flying qualities and handling characteristics. The flight went as planned with all test objectives met.
Saab announced on July 10 that is to invest in an advanced training centre for experienced fighter pilots initially from Gripen countries and its user air forces, at Air Force Base Overberg in South Africa.
Airbus Military and MBDA have successfully completed the first flight of the C295 maritime patrol aircraft with an instrumented Marte MK2/S anti-ship inert missile installed under the wing. The flight was the first of a series of trials planned in a joint Airbus Military – MBDA collaboration to validate the aerodynamic integration of Marte on the C295. Subsequent flights will include handling qualities tests and aircraft flight performance tests.
On the basis of their communist heritage, one might expect Russia and China to be allies. However, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) possesses unhappy relations with fellow ideologically driven neighbours such as Russia and Vietnam. In April, though, a significant event in the pathway of Sino-Russian cooperation took place - an unprecedented exercise between the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) and Russian Navy. The bilateral exercise in the Yellow Sea involved 18 Chinese and seven Russian vessels. In this article we outline the scope of the exercise, and also some strategic implications. Oddly, the exercise name was not widely publicised, but “Maritime Cooperation 2012” seems the best fit.
In July last year the author embedded with the Australian Army’s 7th Brigade during the large-scale Exercise Talisman Sabre. At that time, he witnessed widespread use of night vision goggles (NVG) such as the monocular ITL Mini N/SEAS in night-time combat conditions. Soldiers spoke well of the capabilities such devices offered. Whether used by soldiers patrolling, conducting actions at night, or driving vehicles in blackout conditions, NVGs and weapon sights helped maintain operational tempos no matter the time of day
According to official statistics, in 1955-1993 the Soviet Union [and then Russia] constructed 234 nuclear powered submarines falling into three generations. These included 123 n-subs made in Severodvinsk, 56 in Komsomolsk, 39 in St. Petersburg and 25 in Nizhny Novgorod.
n the closing weeks of 2010 the Royal Air Force was still in a state of shock following the UK government’s announcement of a range of savage defence cuts which had seen the early withdrawal of the Harrier fleet, the ending of the Nimrod 4 programme, and a reduction in Tornado numbers.
ITT Exelis, EADS North America and Cassidian, the defense and security division of EADS, will work together to provide enhanced electronic warfare solutions, particularly in the area of aircraft survivability equipment.
Up until recently there were some commentators, and even some militaries, who predicted the days of the main battle tank (MBT) were numbered. A classic example is Canada, which decided to retire its tank fleet and instead rely on LAV III 8x8 armoured vehicles. A Mobile Gun System (MGS) variant armed with a 105mm gun was to take on the ‘quasi-tank’ role.
In recent years the presence of Asian visitors in the facilities of major Israeli defence industries has become almost a daily occurrence. But without any doubt, Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) is the main beneficiary from the appetite of some Asian countries for very advanced weapon systems. In some cases the development of systems is being partially funded by these customers.
The growing military potential of Japan and China - and continuing territorial disputes over the Kuril island chain and Arctic Shelf - is causing Russia to increase spending on her naval nuclear deterrent and blue-water forces.
Since the dawn of time, commanders have been seeking ways of giving their soldiers an advantage in terms of situational awareness, lethality, mobility, survivability and command and control (C2). The modern infantryman is equipped with all manner of high-tech communications, armour and weapon paraphernalia. However, the soldier can easily be weighed down by such equipment so requirements need to be carefully programmed to keep weight to a minimum, to ensure interoperability, to keep man-machine interfaces simple, and to make it ergonomically comfortable.
The American bazooka, British PIAT and German Panzerschreck and Panzerfaust became household names in WWII. Shoulder-launched or fired from a prone position, they were obviously lighter and more portable than traditional towed anti-tank guns. Nowadays such rocket launchers have evolved into extremely capable anti-tank guided weapons (ATGW) indispensable to any military arsenal.
The Union Budget 2012-13, presented to the Indian Parliament in March 2012, has allocated US $40.3 billion for the Defence Services that include the three armed forces (Army, Navy and Air Force), the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Ordnance Factories. The allocation - which constitutes India’s official defence budget - is an increase of 17.6 per cent over the previous amount.
There has been a lot of discussion over the past five years regarding the rapid and impressive build up of the PLA(Navy). They have added new classes of frigates, destroyers, submarines, amphibious ships and even their first large aircraft carrier is now conducting her sea trials. Ostensibly, this is a navy on the move. These are the clear signs of a nation undergoing an economic evolution unprecedented in its history. China, traditionally an autarky, must now trade with the rest of the world. China has gone from a net energy exporter in 1990 to a major energy importer now, and domestic sources are not able to cope with ever-increasing demand for energy. In 2010, Chinese oil imports passed 5,000,000 barrels a day.
The destruction of a South Korean corvette by a CHT-02D torpedo in March 2010 provided ample testament to the practicality of submarine warfare in this day and age. This incident is made even more dramatic when we consider the responsible party was an elderly North Korean mini-submarine. The Asia-Pacific is witnessing an explosion in submarine acquisitions, and indeed by 2025 the region could host as many as 150 diesel-electric submarines. This article provides a roundup of extremely buoyant regional submarine programmes.
Offset is a ubiquitous characteristic of the contemporary arms trade. Yet, Indonesia, surprisingly, is one of the few countries engaging in defence acquisition without formal requirements for offset. This will soon change, with Jakarta reportedly due to launch the country’s first national offset policy in June this year. Lessons learned from the offset experiences of other countries suggest that the policy should firstly be crafted to reflect Indonesia’s unique economic and security environment and secondly weaved within a broader defence-industrial tapestry.
Over a dozen Asian nations have cruise missiles in their inventories and several of them - notably China, India, Taiwan and Pakistan - have indigenous production capabilities. Although many nations possess anti-ship cruise missiles similar to the US Harpoon, a growing number are fielding advanced land attack systems.
otte has selected Saab Sensis Corporation, a subsidiary of defense and security company Saab, to deploy a Wide Area Multilateration (WAM) system for surveillance of flights operating in close proximity of the Lotte World Tower being constructed near Seoul Air Base, Seoul, Korea. Saab Sensis will provide WAM surveillance to Republic of Korea Air Force (ROKAF) air traffic controllers with the first operational deployment of conflict detection and alerting capabilities for a WAM surveillance system.
BAE Systems announced on February 22 that the semi-active laser guided version of the U.S. military’s Hydra rocket successfully hit within inches of the center of its laser spot target after it was fired off a Hawker Beechcraft AT-6C from a range of three miles.
While all three services of the Malaysian Armed Forces (MAF) have been hoping to extensively replace some of their aging capital equipment - along with improving and upgrading existing hardware - the existing financial and political realities have stalled many plans. Fiscally the Malaysian Armed Forces struggle with the fact that since the 1980s, it has been subjected to an irregular development pace with a number of programs postponed or abandoned at the Malaysian government’s convenience. This is despite such programs being initially agreed to and budgeted for.
The past few decades have seen electronics make radical changes in almost every aspect of human endeavour - including the way naval operations are conducted. Indeed the changes are as revolutionary as those in the equivalent period of the late 19th and early 20th Centuries, but one of the most intriguing must be the emergence of the robot warship.
he ability to detect, track and destroy submarines is returning as a primary mission for modern naval forces in the Asia-Pacific region. Many nations are currently reinforcing their submarine fleets for the first time in many decades;
In making public its choice of the Dassault Aviation Rafale in the MMRCA (Medium Multi Role Combat Aircraft) competition, the Indian Air Force (IAF) has brought quite a lot of fresh air to the French defence industry as a whole. This is especially so for the much maligned combat aircraft, previously ousted from other major international competitions in Asia, in particular by dint of feisty U.S. lobbying. Dassault Aviation’s previous bad experience in the South Korea and Singapore’s fighter bids indeed remains a sore wound even today, as does the Rafale’s failure to win a firm contract from the UAE at the last Dubai Air Show.
In retrospect, the year 2011 might well be when the use of air power alone has been decisive in ending an armed conflict. The case study of course is Libya, where even more than in the case of the Balkans a decade earlier, a relatively small number of aircraft with precision-guided munitions managed in a few months to end a brutal civil war. Indeed, the initial reluctance of the United States to become involved in Libya was based on the calculation that coalition nations would need to deploy ground troops at some stage – but the opposite proved to be the case. Developments in technology are making it possible to contemplate winning conflicts with minimal loss of life.
The eighth Seoul International Aerospace & Defence Exhibition (ADEX), held in the South Korean capital from 18-23 October, drew 313 exhibitors (of which 118 were domestic) and some 250,000 visitors. Both the Republic of Korea Air Force (ROKAF) and the US Air Force (USAF) were well represented with the usual collection of fighters, transport aircraft and helicopters. However, one disappointment was the absence of the ROKAF’s first Boeing E-737 Peace Eye airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) asset that entered service on 21 September 2011.
“The prospect of the USA coming to Taiwan’s aid has become increasingly difficult, and I think we’re now close to the point where the United States might decide not to,” warned Doctor Chong-Pin Lin, Taiwan’s deputy defence minister from 2003-04. He explained this was due to several factors, including economic interdependence between the two great powers, and China’s area access-denial capability. Cyberwarfare and China’s ability to shoot down satellites are also relevant points. “Area access denial relies on the pillar of ICBMs [intercontinental ballistic missiles]. Beijing doesn’t talk about it but Washington understands...And China has a survivable second-strike capability – undersea and other launchers that are mobile – so that it’s hard to knock them out.”
India’s tryst with design, development and production of an indigenous combat aircraft symbolises the problems associated with the defence industry of third world countries. The initial desire to attain self-reliance in major defence programmes leads to costly development, slippage in schedule delivery, dissatisfaction among the users, and finally to the import of similar systems from advanced countries. The Light Combat Aircraft (LCA), the most ambitious developmental programme in the history of India’s defence R&D, continues to haunt India’s defence establishment, even nearly thirty years after the programme was sanctioned. The Indian Air Force (IAF), which is struggling with its declining combat strength, is yet to give its final operational clearance for induction of LCA. The programme cost including of an indigenous engine development has in the mean time increased from Rs 560 crore in 1983 when the LCA was sanctioned, to nearly 15,347 crore in 2011.
During the closing weeks of 2011 the global defence spotlight for new fighter sales turned once again to the Asia Pacific region. For some considerable time, several important fighter bids have been underway and this highly competitive sales battleground has been seen by many as a potential tipping point for customer choice on new fighter procurement. Can the all-conquering F-16 family, and other rejuvenated 70s US fighters, such as the F-18 and F-15, face up to the newer generation aircraft by offering a potent mix of high capability with affordability, or is the curtain for new sales drawing down with fourth and fifth generation combat aircraft crowding in on the scene?
Sagem signed a contract on January 12 with SIMMAD to provide life-cycle support for the STRIX turret-mounted, gyrostabilized observation and sighting systems on Tiger HAP combat and fire support helicopters deployed by the French army's air arm (ALAT).
Lakota program remains on budget and schedule as it enters its seventh program year The U.S. Army has awarded EADS North America a $212.7 million contract on January 10 to deliver 39 UH-72A Lakota Light Utility Helicopters (LUH) as part of its total acquisition plan. Thirty-two of these Lakotas will be produced in the Army’s Security and Support (S&S) Battalion configuration. EADS North America has already delivered 198 UH-72A Lakotas to the U.S. Army, on time and within budget, along with five H-72A versions to the U.S. Navy for test pilot training.
Two years have passed since Russia’s fifth generation fighter flew for the first time on January 29, 2010. Previously in Defence Review Asia we evaluated the Sukhoi PAKFA and looked into its historical background a year ago. Since then, the number of operable prototypes rose to three, with two more completed at Sukhoi’s KnAAPO plant in Komsomolsk-upon-Amur during 2011. The fourth [T-50-4] is prepared for flying in early 2012. Two more shall follow in the 2012-2013 timeframe. On November 3, 2011 the number of flights passed the 100th mark. Most of them were performed by Sukhoi test-pilot Sergei Bogdan. He has proven his skills on several occasions by safely curtailing test sorties after experiencing engine malfunctions. These took place on the eve of and then during MAKS’2011 air show in August - so far the only public event where PAKFAs showed up.
Despite the fact that Malaysia is a country consisting of two halves, namely Peninsular and East Malaysia, which are separated by the South China Sea, the Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN) is fairly undersized for the scale of its tasks - consisting of only 39 surface ships and 2 submarines. The smallness of the RMN becomes even more acute when given the fact that Malaysia forms one half of the vital Straits of Malacca and the scale of Malaysia’s 200 NM EEZ claims - which includes portions of the disputed Spratly Islands that are also claimed by China, Taiwan, Vietnam, the Philippines and Brunei. Matters for the RMN are not helped by the fact that a significant portion of the surface fleet have seen more than 20 years of service with the result that these ships spend more and more time undergoing maintenance and repair. Since the 1990s, the RMN has been planning continuously to increase it’s fleet size and capabilities, but much of its plans have been stymied or set back by the approach of the Malaysian government towards defence development, where planned defence programs are either carried out or postponed based on political convenience.
A few weeks ago Australian Prime Minister Julian Gillard made a surprise visit to Tarin Kowt to meet with the troops stationed there. Then days after that Opposition leader Tony Abbott made a surprise visit to the same place. Earlier in the year US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton made a surprise visit to Kabul. See the pattern? Every single visit by a foreign dignitary is either a surprise, a secret or is unannounced – exactly the same pattern that has prevailed in Iraq since the invasion of 2003.
In any conflict environment it is essential to know what is happening in the air. Ground radars are able to provide a good picture, but having an airborne radar that can move from place to place is exponentially better. During the Cold War, airborne warning and control system (AWACS) aircraft like the E-3 Sentry were largely superpower luxuries, but in the last 15 years a variety of smaller, cheaper and equally effective aircraft have come onto the market, allowing both first world and third world countries to equip their air forces with these vital force multipliers.
The United Kingdom held its Defence Security and Equipment International (DSEi) defence exhibition at the Excel Centre in London’s Docklands in September and it proved another successful event. The show is one of Europe’s largest displays of defence equipment and is unusual in covering land, sea and air aspects. There were more than 1,300 exhibitors and numerous delegations including those from the Pacific Rim.
Security in the Afghan capital of Kabul has seen further tightening in recent weeks coinciding with the start of a Loya Jirga – or grand council – meeting on November 16. The three-day event, involving 2,000 delegates – including some from Iran and Pakistan as well as a handful of women – has the aim of discussing issues such as the extent to which US forces should remain in Afghanistan after 2014. As usual, the Taliban have threatened to kill anyone who attends. One of the major contributors to the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan is France, which has been involved since the outset in 2001. In mid-November, Defence Review Asia had the rare opportunity to spend time with the helicopter battalion ‘Mousquetaire 5’ stationed at the international base adjacent to Kabul airport. In a visit organized by Eurocopter and with the support of the French Defense Ministry, we were fully involved in helicopter activities including mission planning, security briefings, flights, maintenance activities and extensive discussions with pilots, gunners and crewmembers.
With the proliferation of submarine capability in the Asia-Pacific region in recent years, there is an increasing urgency for weapons systems to counter the threat. The need for an organic shipboard Anti Submarine Warfare (ASW) capability was brutally highlighted in May last year, with the sinking of the South Korean naval corvette ROKS Cheonan by a North Korean midget submarine off the island of Baengnyeong. The threat posed to surface combatants and merchant shipping alike in the region has now brought forward programmes to acquire or renew existing ASW capabilities in several countries.
A number of simmering naval tensions exist in the Asia-Pacific region, with the most obvious ones being the Korean peninsula, Taiwan Strait, East China Sea and South China Sea. Naval confrontations have occurred, and in the worst case a South Korean corvette was sunk last year. This article examines the important topic of regional surface warship programmes.
Over recent years India has created a vast defence industrial base which presently consists of 40-odd Ordnance Factories (OFs), nine Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs), 50-odd R&D labs and a small but growing private sector. The industry as a whole is responsible for producing a vast variety of items, ranging from small arms and ammunition all the way through to tanks, fighter aircraft, warships - plus radars and other electronic items. Although long overdue, the Indian Ministry of Defence unveiled in early 2011 the first ever Defence Production Policy (DPrP), intended to give a focussed direction to industry. The policy document, which came into force since 1st January, lists four broad objectives: (1) “to achieve substantive self reliance in the design, development and production of equipment / weapon systems / platforms required for defence in as early a time frame as possible”; (2) “to create conditions conducive for the private industry to take an active role in this endeavour”; (3) “to broaden the defence research and development (R&D) base of the country”; and (4) “to enhance potential of SMEs [Small and Medium Enterprises] in indigenization”. To achieve these objectives the policy document has included various enabling provisions, with the broader aim to create a self-sufficient domestic defence industry that would be able to meet most of armed forces’ hardware requirements.
ONE of the most present and most concealed threats on the battlefield remains the shoulder-launched surface to air missile or Manpads – an abbreviation of man-portable air defence system. A light affordable and plentiful weapon with a low acquisition cost, it is also a war tool that outweighs by multiples the price of its likely target - a tactical fighter plane, helicopter or even a multi-engined airlifter. Intended for air defence by the military, Manpads have also unfortunately over the years landed in the hands of uncontrolled groups or terrorist organisations, accounting for some dramatic deadly attacks on civilian transport aircraft as well.
Defence shows can be quite staid affairs, but Taiwan produced the unexpected at the biennial Taipei Aerospace & Defence Technology Exhibition (TADTE) held from 11-14 July 2011. What was startling in the Ministry of National Defence (MND) pavilion was a large backdrop portraying a “new-generation” Taiwanese Hsiung Feng III anti-ship missile striking a Soviet-style aircraft carrier. It was no mere coincidence that this exhibit appeared just one day after the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) despatched its ex-Soviet aircraft carrier on her maiden voyage!
Laser beam weapons have ignited the imagination of millions that watched movies in which these weapons are used. For many years scientists mainly in the US have been trying to build operational weapon systems that will use laser beams instead of projectiles. These attempts have been largely unsuccessful so far in spite of huge investments. For example, the US is spending billions on the 747-carried anti ballistic missile laser (ABL) system but it is believed to be far from operational status.
The ground fleets of armed forces around the world are gradually changing shape as acquisition and development programmes adjust to the new requirements of modern armies. Ground forces need to be more mobile and flexible than ever before, and as a result the emphasis in armoured vehicle fleets is tending toward solutions that favour agility over high protection levels, such as light armoured vehicles (LAVs). LAVs not only provide highly flexible solutions for ground operations, they are less expensive to acquire and maintain than heavier armoured vehicles, making them more cost-effective and attractive to governments with pressing budgetary constraints to consider.
ntroduction Most Western politicians have supported anti-Qaddafi rebels and wish the end of the Qaddafi regime in Libya. Paradoxically enough, at least at first glance, the same desire is shared by North Caucasian jihadists, and this is the reason they provide neutral or even positive images of NATO policy in Libya. At lease this was the case at the beginning of the war. These neutral/positive images of NATO actions against Qaddafi go along with condemnation of NATO actions in Afghanistan, and an overall negative view of the West in general, the USA in particular. Recently Kavkaz Center, the major internet vehicle of North Caucasian jihadists, eulogized Osama Bin Laden as a victim of President Barak Obama, who they claimed was a member of a Satanic cult.
Recent skirmishes between China, Vietnam and the Philippines have threatened to reignite the long-standing and protracted dispute in the South China Sea. The potentially resource-rich islands in the South China Sea remains a source of friction and instability between the claimant states of the Asia-Pacific region. A peaceful resolution to the South China Sea dispute is imperative for the stability and security of the region.
Elbit announced on August 17 that it was awarded contracts by several customers in Asia to supply many dozens of observation systems for maritime patrol aircraft, vessels and observation towers. The total value of these new contracts is approximately $20 million, to be supplied over three years.
Rheinmetall Defence announced on September 7 that it will continue to assist in training German Air Force Eurofighter pilots. Together with the companies CAE Elektronik GmbH and Cassidian, the Group has just been awarded a contract for the upkeep, maintenance and repair of the German Air Force’s Eurofighter fight simulators, extending longstanding, successful public-private cooperation in this field.
On September 6 the Lockheed Martin-led unmanned K-MAX® team announced that they had successfully completed a five-day Quick Reaction Assessment (QRA) for the U.S. Navy’s Cargo Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) program.
L-3 Link Simulation & Training (L-3 Link) announced on September 6 that it has been awarded a foreign military sale contract from the U.S. Navy Naval Air Systems Command’s Training Systems Division to upgrade Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) CF-18 flight simulators located at Cold Lake, Bagotville and Ottawa. “This upgrade effort will enable Canada to rapidly gain training system concurrency with its CF-18 aircraft while increasing simulation fidelity at the lowest risk and cost,” said Leonard Genna, president of L-3 Link. “By sharing a common F/A-18 training solution with the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps, our allied forces will be able to leverage future solutions and improvements that seamlessly benefit force readiness in both countries.”
On September 2,Airbus Military delivered the first Airbus A330-200 aircraft to Bournemouth, UK-based Cobham Aviation Services for conversion into the Future Strategic Tanker Aircraft (FSTA) configuration for the Royal Air Force (RAF). This aircraft is the third of the 14 A330 MRTTs the Royal Air Force has contracted through AirTanker, a joint venture company also in charge of operating the aircraft. The first two aircraft have already been converted at Airbus Military´s facility in Getafe (Madrid), Spain.
n recent times mortars have gained renewed respect from fighting forces. The nature of many conflicts have made mortars important again and their manufacturers report good business. This has led to renewed efforts to facilitate the use of these weapons as an integral force multiplier for infantry units. Mortars are part of the basic arsenal of infantry units and are used in almost every war zone around the world.
The Cold War years pitted submarine forces of the United States and the Soviet Union against one another and spurned the development of sophisticated Anti-Submarine Warfare aircraft to counter the undersea threat. Vast expanses of the Indian and Pacific Oceans provided ideal submarine operating grounds and the Asia-Pacific region played an important part in the battle plans of both American and Soviet Navies.
With its T-50 Golden Eagle, South Korea joined a select club of nations to have successfully developed a supersonic aircraft. Quite apart from breaking the sound barrier, South Korea is hoping to also break into new export markets with its advanced jet trainer. This article looks at the growing maturity of the Republic of Korea’s (ROK) aerospace industry, with a particular emphasis on specific platforms it is pinning its domestic and international hopes on. The remarkable growth of South Korea’s aerospace industry can be observed in the statistic that the 7,800 workers employed in this field in 2007 had burgeoned to 10,000+ just three years later.
With its T-50 Golden Eagle, South Korea joined a select club of nations to have successfully developed a supersonic aircraft. Quite apart from breaking the sound barrier, South Korea is hoping to also break into new export markets with its advanced jet trainer. This article looks at the growing maturity of the Republic of Korea’s (ROK) aerospace industry, with a particular emphasis on specific platforms it is pinning its domestic and international hopes on. The remarkable growth of South Korea’s aerospace industry can be observed in the statistic that the 7,800 workers employed in this field in 2007 had burgeoned to 10,000+ just three years later.
By the end of August 2011, following the clear victory of the Libyan Rebellion in driving back pro-Gaddafi forces in the east and west of the country and after six months of a protracted conflict which threatened to stalemate on many occasions, the developments of the Libyan crisis — largely inspired by the revolt of the Warfallah tribe of Benghazi in February — have finally accelerated culminating with the toppling of the Gaddafi regime. Today, the old tricolour flag of Libya is again flying over all the country. What started as a rebellion in February 2011 has become a successful revolution.
The market for advanced jet and turboprop trainer aircraft within the Asia-Pacific region is growing steadily in part thanks to the significant number of countries in the process of upgrading to next-generation combat aircraft fleets. In meeting this growing demand, manufacturers are developing trainer aircraft able to perform a number of training roles for the customer nations. As well as being able to train pilots across a range of aircraft, jet and turboprop aircraft must also be compatible with a number of weapon and aircraft systems so that customers can get the best possible return out of a single platform.
The Indonesia Ministry of Defence has significantly expanded defence cooperation with its Republic of Korea (ROK) counterpart. While the two countries have long enjoyed close diplomatic and military ties, the two defence establishments are moving toward much expanded ties. The primary field of interest is in defence industry and import/export of defence systems and equipment.
Following customers in Japan, Norway and Germany, the Bangladesh Navy has purchased two modern Do 228NG (New Generation) turboprop aircraft. The aircraft will be used for maritime air patrol and rescue mission along the countries’ coastline.
With representation from over 100 leading global aerospace and defence companies, and a total exhibitor list of more than 2,100, the 49th Paris International Air Show, held at Le Bourget airport in June, was the biggest event of its kind in 2011. The show opened with the customary war of words between Boeing and Airbus over new aircraft and sales announcements, but there was no news from Boeing on what it intends to do to maintain its competitive position on the 737 family up against the re-engined Airbus A320neo (which has clocked up over 1,000 orders). However, in the guise of the P-8A Poseidon, the Wedgetail AEW&C, and other possible special mission variants, the 737 is clearly going to remain in production for many years yet as a military air platform. But aside from commercial programmes which tended to dominate the headlines, there was nevertheless very comprehensive defence sector representation at Paris with companies anxious to talk about future developments and prospects for current programmes.
Some cynics in Israel say that it's not that the country has defence industries but the other way round. This saying is of course an exaggeration but one fact is solid - Israeli defence industries are big, advanced and versatile. With defence exports of more than US $6 billion a year, Israel has become a member of the " big 5" club of top exporters. All estimates show that the export of defence items from Israel will continue to grow into the foreseeable future.
MMRCA competition. The shortlisting of the Dassault Rafale and Eurofighter Typhoon in India’s Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft competition highlights the lofty ambitions of the Indian Air Force, the fourth largest in the world. With the order for 126 aircraft, India will have more than 800 combat aircraft in its 1,700 aircraft inventory. Such purchases are part of the Air Force’s biggest expansion in thirty years and are transforming India into one of the leading air powers in Asia.
As in many other areas of defence spending Asia is now becoming a major force in naval development with a number of high profile shipbuilding projects underway in and for the region. The modernisation of these fleets is leading to new capabilities both in terms of the industrial base and the armed forces and the pace of change is expected to increase as the economic influence of the region continues to grow.
Boeing has announced that it has delivered two F-15K Slam Eagle aircraft -- designated F-15K49 and F-15K50 -- to the Republic of Korea Air Force (ROKAF) at Daegu Air Base on May 30. The aircraft departed the Boeing St. Louis facility on May 25 and made stops in Palmdale, Calif., Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii, and Anderson Air Force Base, Guam, before arriving in Korea.
Cassidian, the defence and security division of EADS, announced on May 31 that it will develop innovative solutions to protect ships of the Canadian Navy against new types of asymmetric threats. Under the designation LOCATES (= Laser Optical Countermeasures and Surveilllance Against Threat Environment Scenarios), the Defence Research Development Canada (DRDC), Valcartier, Québec, awarded Cassidian a contract to apply new technologies to detect and counter laser-based threats in harbors and littoral waters.
In the wake of the killing of Osama bin Laden, relations between the U.S. and Pakistan have entered a new and unpredictable phase. Washington has recently gone to considerable lengths to tone down initial criticism of Pakistan for sheltering the world’s most wanted man, now saying that there is no evidence that he received high level protection. This is hardly surprising because initial U.S. criticism was rapidly antagonizing the entire country – with potentially dire consequences. Not only does Pakistan have three times the population of Iraq and Afghanistan combined, it now possesses dozens – if not hundreds – of nuclear warheads and the means to deliver them over long distances. The country is self-sufficient in uranium and there have been recent reports that the production of weapons grade material is being increased. The reasons why a relatively poor nation is adding to its already considerable and expensive arsenal remain opaque. A nightmare scenario for the West in general and the U.S. in particular is that some of these might find their way into the hands of terrorists.
All branches of the Indian military are undergoing massive expansion, and are purchasing new equipment at such a rate as to make India one of the world’s largest arms markets. Airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) aircraft are important force multipliers and these are being added to the mix as India attempts to keep one step ahead of its neighbours, notably China and Pakistan. It is taking a two-pronged approach by purchasing off-the-shelf AEW&C aircraft and developing and producing its own systems.
A guided missile that can be safely launched from dozens of kilometres away, and then skims across the sea surface with unerring accuracy and supersonic speed before striking with deadly effect, is a weapon every navy sailor fears. Within mere seconds of being fired, such a precision weapon can sink a multi-million-dollar warship. This type of deadly asset is known as the anti-ship missile (AShM), a weapon Germany pioneered in 1943. Today’s advanced AShMs are obviously far more lethal than Germany’s primitive designs, and they can be launched from aircraft, surface vessel, submarine or land-based platforms. This weapon class poses a direct and serious threat to ships of all sizes, and Russia is one nation that has developed an array of AShMs. This brief article “skims the surface”, if you will excuse the pun, of Russian systems that are available, plus it looks at their use in the Asian context.
Its landing lights on and undercarriage lowered, the grey-coloured F-16B fighter swooped through the dawn haze. The powerful jet engine screamed as the aircraft gently touched down on the tarmac. After it had slowed to a stop, another fighter followed…and then another…until six fighters had pulled up in a tidy line on the macadam. However, this was no ordinary runway tarmac, for it was a stretch of highway on Taiwan’s western coast. Refuelling trucks and munitions carriers converged on the aircraft emblazoned with the roundel of the Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF).
Richard Gardner looks at how changing factors are influencing the competitive regional market for combat aircraft. The volatile political situation in North Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia has understandably grabbed the world’s attention as unrest and anger amongst populations and ethnic groups has spilled over into riots and revolutions, and in some cases open warfare. Nations including Tunisia, Libya, Egypt and Bahrain, thought to be relatively immune to revolution, have seen the wind of change sweeping away, or seriously challenging, old orders, as armoured cars appear in the cities and jets fly overhead. Further to the East, the high tension in Syria, Gaza and Iran, and the conflicts in Afghanistan and Pakistan, show little sign of diminishing.
The death of Osama Bin Laden is now being analysed, with new information emerging almost by the hour. He had been on the run for almost a decade and was able to frustrate US and allied intelligence agencies in their attempts to track him down, which added to his mythical status. In an extraordinary comment three minutes into his address to the nation, President Barak Obama revealed: “Shortly after taking office, I directed Leon Panetta, the Director of the CIA to make the killing or capture of Bin Laden the top priority in our war against Al-Qaeda.”
For some members of the elite of the involved countries, including the United States and Russia, the growing instability in the huge area of Central Asia, Afghanistan and beyond, is an incentive to increase cooperation against the common threat, all problems notwithstanding. Following this logic, Obama’s administration made several positive statements, and even more important, positive steps to ensure Moscow that it is seen as an essential Western, especially American, ally, in bringing stability to the region, including to Kyrgyzstan. Robert Blake, the U.S. Assistant Secretary for South and Central Asian Affairs, states the events in Kyrgyzstan push Russia and the U.S. together. James F. Collins, former U.S. ambassador to the Russian Federation, noted in Foreign Policy that Moscow always collaborates with the U.S. in fighting terrorism, and did so even “during the dark days after the 2008 Russia-Georgian War.” And, another observer noted, “The Kremlin’s return to Afghanistan comes with the support of the Obama administration….”
The Asian-led recovery in the world economy is reflected by a burst of activity in the region’s submarine market where currently only Cambodia, Myanmar (Burma), New Zealand, the Philippines and Sri Lanka appear to have either no interest in - or resources for - these platforms.
Over its 110-year history, the Rubin bureau has produced dozens of submarine designs. Over 950 submarines have been built to Rubin drawings, from the 1901 ‘Delfin’ which took part in the Russo-Japanese war, to the nuclear- powered intercontinental ballistic missile firing submarines such as the Project 667 and 941 which now formi the backbone of the Russian nuclear deterrent force. Asia-Pacific nations operate Rubin-developed Project 877EKM and 636 diesel submarines and are interested in the even more advanced Amur 1650. Defence Review Asia’s Vladimir Karnazov was privileged to spoke to general director Andrei Dyachkov, who kindly shared his views on current state of naval warfare and future prospects of Russian submarines.
iven the helicopter’s versatility, it is not surprising that they form a key component of a number of navies in the region. This is particularly so with the helicopter’s vertical takeoff ability - allowing it to operate from a ship deckpad, in contrast to an aircraft carrier flightdeck or land based runway. These are required by naval fixed wing aircraft - but the helicopter’s hover capabilities allows it conduct at-sea retrieval or ship boarding even where no suitable landing area exists.
India’s federal budget 2011-12, presented to the Parliament in February, increased the defence allocation to US$ 36.1 billion. The allocation, to be spent in India’s current fiscal year spanning from April 2011 to March 2012, is a 12 per cent increase over the pervious budget. While announcing this spending increase, the Finance Minister also promised that “any further requirement for the country's defence would be met”. The Ministry of Defence A K Antony - whose budget had grown by a mere four per cent in the previous year - has expressed satisfaction over the new allocation, saying: "By and large we are very happy about the Budget because apart from the allocation, the Finance Minister has said that if the defence needs more money, there won’t be any problem. On the whole, we are happy with the assurance that if we want more, we will get more money.”
Months have passed since the public appearance of the brand-new Chinese combat jet. And yet there is no explicit reaction to it from the US and its armed forces, whose assets the new machine is obviously developed to oppose. In turn, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) and its air force (PLAAF) remain surprisingly mum on an aircraft they were so willing to flaunt on a Chengdu runway in late December and the middle of January. We still don't know if the new plane is officially intended as a technology demonstrator or a developmental prototype. We also don't know what this airplane is designed to do. Is it an interceptor to replace the Shenyang J-8? Or is it a strike bomber to replace the Xian JH-7A? Or is this a multi-mode, multi-role aircraft? We even do not have official confirmation for the common reference to this airplane as the Chengdu J-20 by Internet sources and printed media.
A Russian was recently imprisoned for six years in Ukraine after being convicted of spying for China. The target of his nefarious activities was the Land-based Naval Aviation Testing and Training Complex (NITKA) in the Crimea, a facility for training Russian pilots to operate fighters aboard aircraft carriers.
Punctuated by the usual disorganisation that characterises Indian defence exhibitions, Aero India kicked off on 9 February 2011. Before the gates closed on 13 February, a total of 75,000 business visitors passed through the venue to view 675 exhibitors’ booths and 70+ aircraft.
When Sri Lanka’s brutal civil war ended last year it was noteworthy in several ways – including a rare if not unique example of a Government defeating a long-running insurgency and the related issue of China openly taking sides in a distant internal conflict. In fact it was China’s policy – which emerged in full light in 2008 – to back the Government in its 25-year struggle with the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) that enabled a military victory two years later.
The latest wave of internal unrest in the Middle East – Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya – is an indicator of the threats faced by all totalitarian regimes. Whether regimes survive in the face of popular protests is largely a factor of whether they can retain the loyalty of their security apparatus. When the military switches sides, as they did in Iran in 1979, Romania in 1989 and Egypt in 2011, regimes fall. When they remain loyal to their leaders in cases such as Iraq under Saddam Hussein, North Korea under the Kim Dynasty and – as seems increasingly likely – Libya under the Gaddafi clan, the regime survives.
Airbus Military announced on March 10 that it has given the green light to the industrial launch of the A400M airlifter and approved the start of series production. This follows a thorough review of all aspects of the programme which demonstrated that all readiness criteria were fulfilled. This means that the first four series aircraft will be produced in 2012 and the production rate will gradually be ramped up to 2.5 aircraft per month by the end of 2015.
A major milestone in the development of Eurofighter Typhoon’s multi-role combat capabilities has been achieved on March 8 with the release of a Paveway IV precision guided bomb. The milestone was achieved when, for the first time, the avionics system was used to safely release the weapon in an hour-long test flight over the Aberporth Range in Wales.
TRS Prime, a subsidiary of ThalesRaytheonSystems announced on March 4th that it was awarded a contract by the NATO ACCS Management Agency (NACMA) for enhancements to the NATO Air Command and Control System as part of the Active Layered Theatre Ballistic Missile Defence programme1 being developed for the protection of deployed troops inside and outside of NATO Territory.
Cassidian announced on March 2nd that it has been commissioned by Germany’s Federal Office of Defence Technology and Procurement (BWB) to deliver a further 400 units of the Future Soldier System (Infanterist der Zukunft) in its basic version (IdZ BS).
In January, India’s Ministry of Defence issued the Defence Procurement Procedure 2011 (DPP-2011). The 262-page document, which came into force from the first day of 2011, would guide Defence Ministry’s multi billion dollar capital acquisitions till 2013 when the next DPP is due. The revised document, which is based on “experience of procurement agencies” and feedback from a cross section of industrial stakeholders, has made a number of changes. According to the Defence Minister, AK Antony, the changes in the new DPP are aimed at “ expediting decision making, simplification of connatural and financial provisions and also to establish a level playing field for the Indian defence industry, both public sector and private sector.”
While the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have led Western nations to focus primarily on wheeled AFVs and MRAPs and placing less emphasis on Main Battle Tanks (MBT), in Asia emphasis still continue to be placed on traditional heavy armour.
The 8th China International Aviation and Aerospace Exhibition (Airshow China), held at Zhuhai last November, was the first to be sponsored (in part) by the People’s Liberation Army Air Force and resulted in a lot of military hardware on display.
The recent statement of Afghanistan’s President Harmid Karzai that receiving millions of dollars of cash payments from Iran on a regular was completely normal must have caused dismay amongst all ISAF nations.
Tensions on the Korean Peninsular have increased palpably in recent months, precipitated by Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) antics in the Yellow Sea. At 21:20 on 26 March, a North Korean Yono-class mini-submarine launched a CHT-02D heavyweight torpedo at the ROKS Cheonan (PCC-772).
Defence’s ambitious project to replace the current Lockheed Martin AP-3C Orion with both manned and unmanned aerial vehicles, is one of the ‘big ticket’ items of defence budgets over the next ten or twelve years.
On September 21, Lockheed Martin delivered the 1,000th Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) Missile to the U.S. Army last week during a ceremony at its state-of-the-art PAC-3 Missile production facility in Camden, AR. PAC-3 Missiles are combat-proven and deployed globally.
On 23 September Raytheon and Boeing announced that they have completed the final of three government-sponsored firings of the Joint Air-to-Ground Missile. During the Sept. 3 test, the JAGM used its millimeter wave radar guidance system to hit a moving target at 6 kilometers (3.75 miles).
The Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) have recently completed a full evaluation of the multi-purpose rifle system (MPRS) developed by Israel Military Industries (IMI). Possible international customers are starting to visit Israel to test this new product at a growing pace.
In an age of digital networks and advanced weapon systems, the Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) aircraft is more important than ever. AEW&C is essentially a powerful radar and other sensors mounted in an aircraft so that, when flying at high altitudes, the airborne system possesses all the benefits of mobility and detection range
Clad in a black wetsuit the lead SEAL silently emerged from the ocean waters, his new 5.56mm Night Fighting Weapon (NFW) tucked tightly against his shoulder. Moving silently and cautiously, he worked up the sandy slope of the beach, while another seven men emerged eerily from the tropical waters.
Despite the global downturn having an effect on many defence budgets, this year’s Eurosatory exhibition – held outside Paris – was around 10% larger in terms of exhibitor numbers than the previous show in 2008.
Swedish defence and security company Saab has received an order from Kockums AB for the overall design of the combat management system as well as solutions for integrating the system aboard next-generation submarines
Israel’s Elbit Systems announced on June 20 that it was awarded a contract to supply a Latin American Army with Command, Control, Computer & Communications (C4I) systems and Electronic Warfare (EW) systems, valued at approximately $130 million.
On June 17, N.R.P. TRIDENTE, the first of two Class 209PN submarines for the Portuguese Navy, was delivered on the premises of Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft – a company of ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS) – in Kiel, Germany. The new submarine has a combined diesel-electric fuel cell propulsion system. TKMS say that the Class 209PN combines the proven design principles of the Class 209 family with the innovative features of Class 214. Equipped with ultra-modern sensors and an integrated Command and Weapon Control System, the company says that it is optimally suited to its future reconnaissance and surveillance tasks.
The Spike NLOS works perfectly in conjunction with different sensors that can provide real time target data. This is especially true when the missile is receiving data from unmanned air vehicles (UAVs).
Against the backdrop of the global financial crisis and the drastically evolving international situation in 2009, the two Asian giants of China and India showed their might, coming up against each other for more world power status and defying diplomatic ties with the West. The world’s two most populous countries, China and India – which are now both nuclear-armed – had a heated last quarter of 2009, with claims laid on almost every corner, but by the end of the year they were found coordinating their strategies at the Copenhagen climate summit, indicating there are areas in which they can work together.
In the Asian region one of the most massive changes which is occurring is the profound shift in economic and therefore military power between China and Russia. Once considered a great power in Asia as well as Europe, the outlook for Russia is far from clear. The two countries share a lengthy border and an uneasy history. The changing dynamic between the giants is barely understood in the west.
In 2010, French land forces will contribute 80% of all current military operations involving France’s Army. Yet French military spending provides the land forces with only 20% of the total equipment budget in the five-year “Loi de Programmation Militaire 2009-2014” or National Defence Procurement Plan, a comprehensive document listing all defence procurements needed for that five-year period, and adopted after a majority vote by the two houses of the French Parliament.
General Elrick Irastorza, chief of staff of the French Land Forces, spoke to European members of the press ahead of Eurosatory 2010, which is set to be one of the biggest shows ever with over 1,350 exhibitors from nearly 60 countries, including China for the first time.
This compellingly interesting, ground-breaking very high technology program has undergone several name changes as the direction and objectives over the more than 10 years it has been running. This probably accounts for the belief that the US effort has been subsumed by another one when the fact is that it still exists and is driven forward by spiral evolution methodology, applied by a very large diverse team of US military and industry resources.
With the on-going operations in Afghanistan, to which today many European nations provide combatants in numbers to fight the Taliban in the name of democracy and better tomorrows, the burning question is : how much today’s Soldier Modernisation Programmes will improve the operational capabilities of the various armies which are currently dreaming about them or already testing them. A lucky few are even on the brink to resort to these advanced programmes in combat. Like France’s FÉLIN already deployed at regimental level and soon to equip part of France’s 4,000-strong expeditionary forces – Task Force La Fayette – in Afghanistan.
Canada’s CAE announced on May 17 that Lockheed Martin has awarded the company a contract valued at approximately C$90 million for a comprehensive CC-130J aircraft maintenance technician training solution for the Government of Canada.
EADS Defence & Security has been commissioned by Germany’s Federal Office of Defence Technology and Procurement (BWB) to deliver a further 220 units of the Future Soldier System (Infanterist der Zukunft) in its basic version (IdZ BS).
As a relatively small export-dependant economy, Malaysia has been hit hard by the Global Financial Crisis with the 2009 Defence budget limited to around US $3.3 billion. Even though recovery is now underway the consequences are still being felt in areas of military expenditure.
The recent discovery of the remains of the Australian hospital ship Centaur, torpedoed by a Japanese submarine during the Second World War that ignored her clearly displayed markings (markings spotted immediately by the remotely operated vehicle which discovered the wreck), is a poignant reminder of the importance of dominating the underwater battlespace.
Almost six hundred flight hours logged in roughly six months of combat operations with a daily 93% availability - this is the remarkable result achieved to date by the first operational EC 665 Tiger detachment deployed to Afghanistan since July of last year.
The use of Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs) by today’s armed forces is increasing rapidly. Land forces are moving away from the heavy battle tanks that dominated combat vehicles for the past half century, and towards lighter, more agile armed tracked and wheeled vehicles.
Belgian arms company FN Herstal, S.A. has received notification from the USSOCOM Program Executive Office—SOF Warrior (PEO—SW) that the SCAR Acquisition Decision Memorandum (ADM) was approved and signed on April 14, 2010, moving this FN program into the Milestone C phase
The Patroller surveillance drone developed by Sagem (Safran group) has successfully completed its third series of test flights, according to the company. The flights were carried out from April 22 to 30, 2010, at the Cergy-Pontoise airfield in the greater Paris area, near Sagem’s R&D center in Eragny, where the drone is being developed.
The Northrop Grumman Corporation and Swiss company RUAG Aviation have signed an agreement to provide worldwide sustainment and life cycle logistics as an effort to offer a broad capability to countries flying the F-5 Tiger aircraft.
BAE Systems say the signing of the Archer production contract for Sweden and Norway on 26 March 2010 has given added impetus to marketing efforts for the advanced 155mm artillery system in the South East Asia region.